MONACO (AP): Four-time Olympic medallist Frank Fredericks has been suspended from duty by track and field’s governing body, the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), while he is investigated for alleged corruption suspected of being linked to the 2016 Olympics hosting vote. The independent Athletics Integrity Unit said on Monday that its request for an interim ban on Fredericks, a former sprinter from Namibia, was granted by the IAAF disciplinary panel. Fredericks, who is also an International Olympic Committee (IOC) member, is separately being investigated by the IOC ethics commission over a near-$300,000 payment he received on October 2, 2009 the same day Rio de Janeiro won the 2016 Olympic hosting vote in a four-city contest. French daily Le Monde alleged in March that the payment came from a Brazilian businessman and was channelled through a sports marketing company created by Papa Massata Diack, the son of former IAAF president Lamine Diack. Both Diacks are implicated by French prosecutors in a corruption case that includes extorting money from athletes to cover up doping. NO WRONGDOING Fredericks denies wrongdoing, claiming that the money was for contracted consultancy work. He previously offered to step aside from his IOC work and his IAAF duties, but has opted not to give up his seat on the ruling Council. “I am not prepared to voluntarily consent not to undertake my duties in respect of the position I hold as IAAF Council Member,” Fredericks wrote to the disciplinary panel. However, he did agree to avoid attending a meeting in London next month on the sidelines of the August 4-13 World Championships. Fredericks plans to contest the suspension at a hearing, the integrity unit says. In its published interim ruling, the IAAF disciplinary panel said Fredericks had the presumption of innocence while under investigation. Still, the panel chairman noted that “Fredericks has not, in the answers and explanations he has provided to date, disturbed the prima facie case of matters warranting investigation.” Those matters include “whether there was any connection between the payment and the IOC vote to award the 2016 summer Olympics to Rio de Janeiro,” the IAAF panel said. Fredericks was seen as a rising star in Olympic circles until the case was reported. He had to resign as chairman of the IOC panel evaluating the bids of Los Angeles and Paris to host the 2024 Olympics, and agreed not to take part in that hosting decision due in September. The 49-year-old official won silver medals in 100 and 200 metres at both the 1992 Barcelona Olympics and 1996 Atlanta Olympics.
Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next 6000 Cebuanos join Cebu leg of 2019 SEA Games Torch Run Head coach Aldin Ayo talking to his players during a huddle. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—University of Santo Tomas came into Game 1 of the UAAP Season 82 men’s basketball finals looking nearly invincible, carrying a four-game winning streak including three knockout matches.What the Growling Tigers faced, however, was an indestructible Ateneo side that swept the eliminations and added to it a 91-77 beating of UST in the first game of the title round.ADVERTISEMENT ‘People evacuated on their own’ For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. 2 village execs nabbed in Bohol buy-bust DSWD Bicol donates P1.5M worth of food packs for Taal eruption evacuees MOST READ UST head coach Aldin Ayo took blame for UST’s sorry loss against the defending champion, saying it’s on him and his coaching staff, not the players.“We played bad, really bad. We were not executing and some players did not play their usual game,” said Ayo Saturday at Smart Araneta Coliseum. “But I think the problem is the coaching staff.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSAndray Blatche has high praise for teammate Kai SottoSPORTSBig differenceSPORTSAlmazan status stays uncertain ahead of Game 4“We were not able to prepare them well. There were situations that we didn’t go through in practice so on our part we just want to be patient.”This was UST’s first game in the finals since losing to Far Eastern University in 2015 and Ayo said that he doesn’t blame the players for cracking under the pressure of the championship round. Phivolcs: Cloud seeding in ashfall affected areas needs study 400 evacuees from Taal eruption take refuge in Mt. Banahaw No need to wear face masks in Metro Manila, says scientist Forwards Zachy Huang and Enrique Caunan were the only members of the 2015 team that faced the Tamaraws for the title but the bulk of the core are largely rookies, sophomores, and transferees.“The finals have a different atmosphere but as I told you we have to be patient,” said Ayo who holds one title apiece in the UAAP and the NCAA as a coach. “Whatever it is, you can’t blame the players.”“It’s the coaching staff’s job to simulate things to the best of our abilities and we’re going to do that.”UST, which led the league in three-pointers made with 151, was its usual gun-slinging self during the game hitting 14-of-41 from beyond the arc but what the Growling Tigers failed to do was defend the Blue Eagles properly.Ateneo, which averaged 38.9 points in the paint in the eliminations, feasted under the basket with 58 points and shot the ball at an overall clip of 52.1 percent or 38-of-73.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES View comments Ayo said that even though his team is 3-0 in elimination games during the stepladder, Game 2 would be a largely different matchup.“It won’t matter because it depends who our opponent is,” said Ayo. “You cannot compare other elimination games because it’s different.” Lava gushes out of Taal Volcano as villagers flee Andray Blatche has high praise for teammate Kai Sotto Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Filipino culture takes spotlight as 2019 SEA Games officially opens PLAY LIST 01:26Filipino culture takes spotlight as 2019 SEA Games officially opens03:30PH’s Rogen Ladon boxing flyweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)03:34PH’s Carlo Paalam boxing light flyweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)01:05Poor visibility, nakaapekto sa maraming lugar sa Batangas03:028,000 pulis sa Region 4-A, tuloy ang trabaho03:57Phivolcs, nahihirapan sa komunikasyon sa Taal01:04Sold-out: Stores run out of face masks after Taal spews ash01:45Iran police shoot at those protesting plane shootdown01:54MMDA deploys rescue team to Batangas following Taal eruption
Oil and gas lectureDrawing reference to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill of 2010, the largest marine oil spill in history, caused by an April 20, 2010 explosion and other major catastrophic incidents, a safety expert from Trinidad has warned that if safety does not take prominence in Guyana’s oil and gas operations, it could lead to similar incidents that could have a damaging effect on the country.Director and Principal Consultant for inCrEdible Safety Services Limited, EdwardDirector and Principal Consultant for inCrEdible Safety Services Limited, Edward BrathwaiteBrathwaite, was addressing the 5th public lecture hosted by the Guyana Oil and Gas Association Incorporated (GOGA) in collaboration with El Dorado Offshore at the Marriott Hotel on Tuesday evening, which focused on the cultural impact on safety in oil and gas, when he made those remarks.In most instances, safety professionals are viewed by oil and gas workers as a “pain in the neck,” but Brathwaite said while this may be true, safety procedures should never go unnoticed. Referring to the 2010 oil spill again, he said, “All of the equipment and processes were available to avoid such an outcome. What made the difference is the quality of the conversation that took place with human beings on board this facility, to the peril of 15 men and countless others who were impacted by this incident.”The safety expert emphasised that undertaking the job the right way requires all workers in the oil and gas sector to do it the safe way each and every time. “And having their needs met over and above procedures that are outlined is not something that is easily tolerated or is not something that usually ends well,” he lamented, explaining that these workers have to always remember the consequences.But equally important, Brathwaite who has extensive experience working in the energy sector, particularly in the Caribbean, said that those in the local oil and gas sector have to be able to craft an environment where workers can see what is happening and what they need to do to identify the hazards and be prepared to take the appropriate actions now, in order to obtain a safe outcome later.In emphasising that safety is good business for every oil operation, Brathwaite told those in attendance at the lecture that specific focus must be placed on ensuring that there is constant dialogue among all levels of the workforce and that prominence must be placed on enabling quality conversations.“The conversation has to be meaningful, it has to be real, people have to be listening and acting in good faith. Your culture will be a starting point. You have to know where you are before you can figure out where you are going,” he explained while noting that most Caribbean countries may have a culture of taking shortcuts to doing something but the outcome is not always favourable.“We have to take time to prepare to work together. It’s very easy to say let’s start a company and we will provide this serviceWe will go and get the financing. That is the easy part. The soft human interaction part is the real difficulty and if we don’t get that right we are going to struggle all the way.Whether located on or offshore, drilling rigs and operations pose inherent risks to workers, who must cope with extremely harsh and demanding environmental conditions.At sea, risks include storms and inclement weather, humidity, strong winds, tides and sun exposure, as well as relative isolation for extended periods of time. On land, workers may experience excessive heat and humidity or, at the opposite extreme, cold temperatures and strong winds.In both locations, long shifts, arduous labour, wet, slippery work surfaces and uneven terrain may create potentially hazardous conditions under foot that may result in falls and injuries. In addition, constant exposure to excessive noise is fatiguing and working with heavy equipment daily may lead to safety lapses that result in both minor and major threats to life safety and health.To avoid or minimise potential accidents, injuries and fatalities on oil rigs, proper safety training, safety audits and drills, and a range of personal protective equipment is usually required. Well-managed oil companies worldwide have proven over the years that unexpected accidents, injuries and loss of life can be significantly reduced through the implementation of current safety best practices, site engineering modifications, improved safety equipment, and worker training programmes.
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26 April 2011 At least 24 new political parties will contest the upcoming local government elections in South Africa – an indication of a thriving democracy, says Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) chair Brigalia Bam. South Africans will go to the polls on 18 May to elect their new local government officials. A total of 121 political parties will contest the elections across the country. This is an increase from the 97 parties in 2006 and the 79 in 2000. Participation of independent candidates, those without political-party backing, is also on the rise. The total number of independents stands at 748 this year, up from 667 in the previous local elections. The surfacing of new parties and independents has directly increased the number of candidates to 53 596 compared to 45 179 in 2006 and 30 477 in 2000. “The increase in parties and candidates participating in the upcoming election is an indication of a broadening in electoral participation at local level,” said Bam, “and is very encouraging as far as the entrenchment of democratic processes is concerned.” Needless to say, a large number of candidates represent well-established political parties. The African National Congress (ANC) and the Democratic Alliance (DA) dominate the candidates list, with 9 403 and 7 117 respective candidates countrywide. The ANC is the only party that will have candidates contesting in all the country’s 278 municipalities, while the DA will be contesting 272 municipalities. Some ANC members have decided to go independent after being dissatisfied about candidates’ selection. Most of the new organisations join scores of others that only contest in their respective provinces. They operate as organisations hoping to have future influence over how their communities are governed.New kids on the block The National Freedom Party (NFP) is the only recently formed organisation contesting outside its founding province. The NFP was launched by Zanele kaMagwaza-Msibi, who led a splinter group from the Inkatha Freedom Party just three months ago. It has 2 591 candidates in eight provinces. More than 50% of its members are in KwaZulu-Natal, where it was founded. The Congress of the People, an ANC break-away party founded in 2008, is also comparatively new in the IEC’s books as far as local government elections go. Although somewhat troubled, the party enjoys the third largest representation with 5 929 candidates in all nine provinces. It will contest in 214 municipalities. Though it’s had a chance to establish itself since its founding in 2007, the African People’s Convention will participate in nationwide local elections for the first time this year. The party, a splinter from the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania, will contest in all provinces with 2 158 candidates. The Mpumalanga Party is a new local organisation campaigning via a ticket of relocating the community of Moutse back to the borders of Mpumalanga province. The community has been up in arms over the government’s decision to demarcate it to Limpopo province, where the party’s 74 candidate are registered. Ikusasa Lesizwe Independent Movement is another new organisation in Mpumalanga. The party has 44 candidates in the province. Makana Independent New Deal is new on the political scene in the Eastern Cape. It has a total of 27 candidates in the province. Other fresh organisations include the Socialist Civic Movement and the Bushbuckridge Residents Association in Mpumalanga.Women participation There’s a “slight” increase in the number of women running for election in their areas. More than 19 700 women will stand as candidates, compared to 15 718 in the 2006 local elections. This means 37% of the candidates are women, a 2% increase from 2006. “I am happy that a slight increase in the percentage of women candidates has been recorded,” Bam said. Women remain the majority on the IEC voters’ roll, which has more than 24.5-million South Africans registered on it. “I am very proud of women,” Bam said. “Despite keeping the home fires burning, women are consistently retained their overall majority in terms of the voter participation gender split in the voters’ roll.” With just more than a month to go to election day, campaigns are gaining momentum. All major parties have launched their manifestos and have embarked on all-out electioneering. “The IEC is proud of all who will be garnering votes to consolidate our gains and deepen our democracy,” Bam said. First published by MediaClubSouthAfrica.com – get free high-resolution photos and professional feature articles from Brand South Africa’s media service.
3 billion minutes are spent everyday on social networking worldwide 60% of internet users in China play online games Combine all this data with the recent announcement of the Intel Atom processor and you have one perfect storm of mind-blowing proportion. And with all the awesome different MIDs that were on display today at IDF, I can easily see this anticipation grow into a consumer-covetous frenzy.Ok, perhaps I’m a bit too hyped up on caffeine to stave off my jetlag. But this is exciting stuff! And I for one am thrilled Intel and our partners are working hard to, as Mr. Chandrasekher so eloquently put it, “unleash the internet.”So stay tuned for more of my observations from IDF. As long as the coffee keeps coming, I’ll keep writing (I LOVE the coffee here!). 88% of Japanese phone customers are dissatisfied with their access to the internet from their phones As I sat through the marathon keynote sessions in this morning’s kickoff of the Intel Developer Forum, I tried to Twitter to provide you all some colorful realtime observations from the dark auditorium. About halfway through my Blackberry lost the ability to access the internet and thus…my voice was silenced, albeit briefly. As I powered my way through my local grocery store last weekwhich I often do to grab the week’s meal supplies, each time trying to beat my previous record (so far I’m still trying to beat my record in-and-out time of 7 minutes)I realized I had forgotten to write down the ingredients I needed to make one of my succulent meals. Stomping my feet in disgust, I pined for some quick and easy way to jump on the internet right there in the produce aisle to look up the recipe and ensure I brought home all the requisite ingredients.Both of these scenerios demonstrate my own personal longing for immediate and uncomplicated access to the internet; anytime, anywhere. And I don’t think I’m alone in this desire. As I learned at IDF today, I’m happy to report that Intel is on it! The three opening keynotes, delivered by Pat Gelsinger, Dadi Perlmutter, and Anand Chandrasekher respectively, all talked of innovative breakthroughs in technology and visions on how the future was going to be overwhelmingly different. But the topic on most everyone’s lips was the exciting new mobile internet devices (MIDs) finally coming to market in the next several months.It is easy to see why there is all this fuss about MIDs when:
Hundreds of poor children in the Indian state of Bihar make a living by selling leaves to Buddhist pilgrims from the Mahabodhi tree – under which Gautam Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment. Related Items
The second Kabaddi World Cup would start in Punjab town Bathinda on Tuesday. Altogether 13 teams, including the hosts India, are participating in the tournament. The other participants include teams from Argentina, Pakistan, USA, Canada, UK, Italy, Norway, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Australia, Germany and Spain. The first edition of the World Cup last year was won by India. Actor Shah Rukh Khan would perform at the opening ceremony of the championship in the evening. He would land at Bhisiana air force station near Bhatinda later in the day.
Pounds And PerilsClick here to EnlargeDo you have a problem bending over to slip on your shoes? Do you need a larger waist size when shopping for trousers or jeans? Does that belt you bought last year no longer fit? If the answer to any of these is yes, you,Pounds And PerilsClick here to EnlargeDo you have a problem bending over to slip on your shoes? Do you need a larger waist size when shopping for trousers or jeans? Does that belt you bought last year no longer fit? If the answer to any of these is yes, you have a serious problem, along with millions of urban Indians.Call it the girth of a nation, but India’s collective waistline is expanding-a lot-and that is not a healthy sign. Medical researchers are acknowledging the complex physiology behind a simple truth women have held for centuries: the smaller the waist, the better (and healthier) the life.Over the last decade, a raft of new studies have shown that predicting a person’s long-term health may be as simple as taking a waist measurement. By that measurement, India’s obesity problem is fast turning into a health crisis.”If we are not careful, we will soon face a fat tsunami,” warns Dr Pradeep Chowbey, head of the Department of Minimal Access Surgery, Ganga Ram Hospital, Delhi. “Till now, it was a problem of plenty for the rich nations of the world,” he points out. “Not anymore. Countries formerly focused on malnutrition are now concerned with overnutrition, including India and China.”Although obesity in the West is associated with poverty, in the developing world it is a problem for the new rich. “Fat around the waist has been linked to a greater risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, hypertension, breathing problems, disability, some cancers, and higher mortality rates,” asserts Dr K.S. Reddy, head of the Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi.advertisementFIGHTING FAT Ashok AnandAshok Anand, 54, Weight: was 110 Kg Retired resident of Gurgaon I loved food and ate through the day. Meals, umpteen cups of tea, namkeen, sweets, alone or with guests. My wife and children used to beg me to stop eating. Finally, I had to go for bariatric surgery. I’ve given up everything today, even pan masalas and cigarettes. “Before dinner, I would stuff myself with kebabs and tikkas to complement my peg of whisky. No longer.”Not surprisingly, a slew of activist-physicians are engaged in a battle to beat the bulge. They organise surveys, engage in awareness drives with NGOs and in schools, walk the corridors of power to sensitise the nation’s high and mighty, and alert international health bodies.”There are clear and hard facts in urban areas that things are as bad as they could be,” says Dr Anoop Misra, an obesity expert involved with antiobesity drives initiated by AIIMS. The first Asia Pacific Obesity Conclave took place in Delhi in March. Chowbey, the driving force behind the conclave, is also laparoscopic surgeon to the President of India.”I made a presentation to President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in January,” says Chowbey. What better way to start a campaign? “I’ve never seen a President with such ideal weight,” he laughs. “Dr Kalam has promised to help us out with the anti-obesity awareness drive.”The ones who really need help are finding out just what a weighty problem it is. “I’ve always loved food. Lots of food, no exercise and slowly I bloated up over time, till one day I realised I was 100 kg! Diabetes and high blood pressure came hand in hand with it. Finally, I went in for bariatric (weight reducing) surgery,” says Ashok Kumar Anand, 54, a resident of Gurgaon.More traumatic was the case with Mrs Ghose of Kolkata. She ballooned to a point that her 10-year-old son begged her not to come to his school for PTA meetings. “You can’t imagine how bitterly she cried,” says Dr Veena Aggarwal, head of R&D at VLCC Healthcare Ltd, Delhi, who treated her. “Can you imagine how it hurts to be an object of shame for your child?”35 million diabetics in India. Obesity is a major cause of diabetes. 33 per cent rise in heart disease, mostly because of obesity. 40 per cent growth recorded by the Indian fast food industry. 17 per cent of all school children in Delhi suffer from obesity. These are just two among millions of Indians who are discovering that fat is not just ugly, it is dangerous as well. The major victims of obesity are among the 300 millionstrong Indian middle class, with around 35 per cent-or 120 million-reaching dangerous levels of obesity.Last year, an AIIMS survey conducted on 35,000 people in 10 industrial cities revealed that waistlines had grown rotund by more than 30 per cent. In Delhi, 17 per cent of all schoolchildren were found to be overweight. Changes in lifestyle and affluence has led to a richer and unhealthy diet.advertisementAccording to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization, meat consumption has more than doubled in India since the 1970s, so has the intake of fat and sugar since the 80s. Gandhian frugality is, obviously, passe. Contemporary changes in work, lifestyle and urban society have together adversely affected what dieticians call Body Mass Index.FUTURE FAT: A generation of latchkey kids spend their time in front of the telly, while their metabolic rates go for a tossThe obvious, almost frivolous, reason behind the emerging obesity crisis is that we are eating too much high-calorie food and not burning it off with adequate exercise. Food and the culture of eating sumptuously have always been an integral part of the Indian society, but until recently, most ate home-cooked food.Then came the Dominos, Pizza Huts and McDonald’s and a veritable race to pamper the tastebuds ensued. Fast food restaurants witnessed a dramatic growth-both in the number of outlets and customers served. Intense competition for market share led to increased portion sizes-for instance, the calorie count for French fries served by McDonald’s has jumped from 200 to over 600. In addition, the average meal comes with free add-ons like soft drinks, adding to calorie intake.What is cause for more concern among medics is that most Indians consider obesity a cosmetic problem, not a disease. The truth is, obesity is a chronic disease-of excessive fat deposition in the body. Being overweight is not a disease, but obesity is. And the line differentiating the two is quite thin. “Obesity is simply bad news-for both body and mind,” says Dr Rama Vaidya, president, All India Association for Advancing Research in Obesity, Mumbai. When a person is carrying extra weight, it’s harder to keep up with friends, take part in sports, or just walk any distance. It is also associated with breathing problems-asthma and sleep apnoea.”There can be more serious consequences as well,” points out Vaidya. Obesity can lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, high blood sugar levels, liver disease, type 2 diabetes, heart diseases, stroke, problems with the bladder, the reproductive system and a greater risk for certain cancers.Is Weight Lying Heavy On Your Mind?Click here to EnlargeApproximately 85 per cent people globally contract the type 2 diabetes, and of these, 90 per cent are obese or overweight. India has the world’s largest population of diabetic and heart patients. Alarmingly, adolescent and childhood obesity is shooting up. “Junk food, physical inactivity, little outdoor activity and excess time spent in front of the television have led to this,” says Vaidya. Childhood fat is not only carried over into adulthood but also gives rise to severe forms of obesity. Unfortunately, most of us confuse obesity in children as ‘puppy fat’.Yet, most Indians seem ignorant of the dangers of obesity. Consider Mumbai. The snacking capital of India is famous for an array of eateries and snack bars that cater to all types of pockets and tastebuds. And a sneak peek into family food-logs reveals the reality behind the scenes. “Eating out has gone up for us over the last five years,” says Sanjay Patel, owner of Shringar Jewellers in Matunga. He doesn’t mind shelling out Rs 6,000 every month on this.Similarly, Kishore Jadhav of Aashray Developers, can’t resist those yummy snacks, and spends around Rs 100 every day while at work. “We eat a lot more junk food than we used to. The easiest thing to do is to order a pizza home,” he says.advertisementFor Lalit Jain, who owns the Real Choice gift shop in Bandra, storing up a lot of junk food at home has become the norm (“My children almost live on those”). He adds, “Eight years ago, when there were fewer places to eat out, we spent half of what we do today.”India ranks among top 10 obese nations of the world120 million urban Indians are seriously obese 50% urban women above 35 have unhealthy body shapes One out of every 10 urban Indian children is overweight 45% of males and 55% of females in Delhi are obese Other factors have contributed to the expanding middleclass waistline. Changing workforce, for one. Each year, a greater percentage of the population spends its entire workday behind a desk or computer, getting virtually no exercise. The dramatic rise in cars and two-wheelers on the roads renders it unnecessary to walk to get somewhere. Add to it the urban sprawl: obesity rates go up as the urban sprawl spreads, possibly due to reduced physical activity.In the kitchen, the microwave oven has seen sales of unhealthy frozen convenience foods skyrocket and encouraged elaborate snacking. An emerging trend, which many believe has encouraged people to step out for their main meals, is the increasing number of two-income households, where one parent no longer remains home to look after the house. This, in turn, has hiked the number of restaurants and take-away joints.Store shelves are piled high with mass-produced food items that come packed with calories. Increasing affluence itself may be a cause-even the root cause from wherein stem the above mentioned factors-since obesity tends to flourish as a disease of the moneyed class in countries that are developing and becoming westernised.Indian men appear to be especially prone to a pot belly- also called apple-shaped obesity. Blame it largely on unhealthy diets-rich in starchy foods and low in fruits and vegetables-and lack of physical activity. For women, the news is equally bad. More women, especially those over 35, are overweight than men in India. According to a study by AIIMS last year, about 55 per cent women in Delhi are overweight or obese.After the 40s, female hormones start withdrawing and the body tends to put on weight. Indian dresses hide the layers of fat so well and for so long that women don’t realise the enormity of the problem till it’s too late. Women also go through three physiological transitions- menarche (the first menstrual period), pregnancy-lactation and menopause-and, at each of these thresholds, they tend to put on weight.”Asians have more body fat. It’s not that we eat more, but we move less.” Dr K.S. Reddy, Cardiologist, AIIMS”Just consider the scenario,” says Dr Aggarwal of VLCC, “more women are stepping out into the public sphere and they do not wish to get married early. And it’s pretty common these days to come across women entering their first pregnancy when they are 30-plus.” Contraceptive pills, full of steroids and water-retentive hormones, she believes, also tend to make women fat. At the same time, there’s the additional strain of balancing work and home, with traditional support systems falling apart. “With so many pulls and pressures on them, I am not surprised that the 35-plus brigade is becoming easy victims,” she adds.”Today, it’s unfashionable to show tubby adults and chubby children in ads.” Prahlad Kakkar, Ad FilmmakerA-Z Guide For Right Fat For The BodyClick here to EnlargeEmotions can fuel obesity as well. People tend to eat more when they are upset, anxious, sad, stressed out, or even bored. Then, after they have eaten too much, they may feel bad about it and stuff themselves some more to quell those bad feelings-creating a vicious cycle. Take the case of Akila Iyer of Anna Nagar, Chennai. Slim, pretty and sporty, she had moved to Chennai from small town Kumbakonam post marriage. “My problem started during my first pregnancy,” she says, “and I became huge during the second.”Something else was happening to her, too. She was becoming home-bound and bored. “I started losing interest in myself,” Iyer muses. Food made her happy and she started binging. That created a vicious cycle of guilt. The more spicy and fried food she consumed, the more guilty she felt, and to perk herself up she would eat more. Then she crossed 90 kg and developed sugar. “My husband and my father were terribly concerned. But some people used to poke fun at me. They would not lose one opportunity to call me a tub of lard,” she adds. Finally, last November Iyer went in for a bariatric operation.”Gaining weight is like taking a loan and not being able to pay the EMI.” Dr P.K. Chowbey, Bariatric SurgeonGORGING ON THE GOOD LIFE: Eating out and eating erratic may actually lead to obesityHardly surprising then that obesity should spawn a rapidly mushrooming diet and slimming industry. VLCC, for instance, has over 100 centres across 46 cities nationwide. In the last five years, the company recorded a compounded average annual growth of 30 to 40 per cent. Not to be left behind, food and drug companies are meanwhile selling magic potions to melt away those pounds. Weight loss medicines, like Sibutrex, are very popular. Gastric bypass surgery (bariatric surgery) on patients suffering from extreme obesity has also caught on. (Ganga Ram Hospital has done 65 such operations-the highest in the country.)Obesity can run in families, but just how much is due to genes is hard to determine. Small parts of the DNA that people inherit from their parents, and that determine traits like hair or eye colour, can play a vital role in weight gain. Some genes tell our body how to metabolise food and how to use extra calories or stored fat. Then again, some people burn calories faster or slower than others because of their genes. But genes alone cannot be held responsible for an individual’s body fat as is evident in families whose members have vastly different physique. This, despite all of them eating the same food, indulging in the same habits (like snacking in front of the TV), and thinking alike when it comes to weight issues (like urging children to have a hearty dinner in order to grow “big and strong”).FIGHTING FAT Nila BagchiNila Bagchi, 51, Weight: 105 Kg Sari boutique owner, Kolkata and Santiniketan So many things are forbidden to me! But I follow health instructions to the T and there’s nothing really that I can’t do. I run my shops, look after my home, take the train to Santiniketan every week. And I can sit crosslegged on the floor for my daily puja. “It’s not easy to lead a life of constant discipline, but I just made up my mind to stay upbeat and active.”A World Health Organization (WHO) study suggests that Asians show a marked vulnerability to the effects of gaining weight. Some scientists theorise that children who are undernourished in the womb (not uncommon in much of Asia until recently) develop unusually high levels of abdominal fat as adults if they’re exposed to above-normal calorie levels. This puts them at greater risk for obesity-related illnesses.Others believe, Asians evolved a so-called ‘thrifty gene’ after living for thousands of years under near-famine conditions. That may have left them with bodies that are, paradoxically, too metabolically efficient to deal with the relative abundance of modern life. It’s a genetic trait-a survival instinct-that benefited them in the past when food was often scarce, but when food is plentiful it becomes detrimental.Simply put, the once familiar image of India as a land of poverty, hunger, malnutrition, scarcity and famine has been turned on its head. While it may have once made fat respectable, the new-liberated economic growth has clearly left more food on India’s plate than it can healthily handle.- with Aditi Pai in Mumbai
Mumbai, Sep 15 (PTI) Diversified group DuPont today said it is looking at growing its packaging business in India by 12-15 per cent over the next 3 to 5 years. “We are looking at growing our packaging business in India by 12 to 15 per cent over the next 3 to 5 years,” DuPont Packaging & Industrial Polymers, Asia Pacific Marketing Director Roger Kant told PTI. According to industry estimates, the food industry in India is growing between 15 and 20 per cent annually. Despite slowdown in global economy, India and China are significant contributor to the companys growth. DuPont will focus on developing specialty applications with packaging converters and end users to come up with solutions serving specific Indian requirements, Kant said. “With growing middle class incomes, changing demographics and lifestyles, the need for quality and sophistication of packaging is changing in India. We will collaborate with experts across the value chain to focus on meeting emerging consumer needs,” he said. DuPont recently opened an innovation application centre at Gurgaon to cater to the food industry, Kant said, adding that the company will phase out its innovation centre in Pune. The centre will allow DuPont to introduce formulations that are more convenient and affordable for more choices for the food industry, he said, adding that it spends USD 2 billion on global R&D expenditure. PTI AP BA STS RDS